Opening a Fixed Deposit (FD) Account is one of the best investment options. Apart from realising a corpus for future goals, you can also save on tax. Let's get to know how much taxable amount you can save on an FD Account.
A Fixed Deposit is safe investment option available in India. Whether you want to open in the name of a minor, adult, or senior citizen, the account helps in building a good corpus. As compared to a Savings Account, a Fixed Deposit offers a higher interest rate. The account also entitles you to avail short-term loans in case of financial emergencies.
Often, people initiate investments to save income tax. If your preference for opening an FD Account is to claim tax deductions, then here's how you can save on FD interest income.
How is FD income taxed?
The interest income you earn from an FD is fully taxable. The interest earnings form a part of your total tax liability. You must also know that when you earn interest on an FD in a year, it is essentially clubbed with your annual income. Based on the total income, your tax slab is determined. Since the interest income earned on FD is considered "income from other sources," it is therefore charged under Tax Deducted at Source or TDS. When your bank credits your interest income into your account, the TDS gets deducted right at that time. Let's get to know some pointers related to tax on FD:
- The bank doesn't charge tax on Fixed Deposit if your overall income is less than Rs 2.5 Lakhs in a year. However, some lenders may ask you to submit Form 15G or 15H to claim the deductions.
- If you want to save on TDS, make sure you submit Form 15G and 15H to the bank at the beginning of the financial year to avoid additional TDS.
- If your interest income from all FDs is less than Rs 40,000 in a year, the income is TDS exempt.
- On the other hand, if your interest income is over Rs 40,000, the TDS would be 10%. Besides, if you do not have a PAN card, the bank can deduct 20% of TDS.
Let's understand the TDS on FD with the help of an example
Mr Anand has three FD Accounts with three different lenders. Bank A fetches interest earning of Rs 50,000 per annum, while Bank B helps him earn Rs 30,000 per annum and Bank C gives him an interest of Rs 20,000 per annum.
On the basis of the TDS, Mr Anand is liable to pay 10% TDS, as his interest earnings exceed Rs 40,000 in a year. The tax department doesn't consider your total interest earnings from all the banks. TDS is only on the interest amount that exceeds Rs 40,000 from Bank A. For the other two accounts, Mr Anand will get an (Fixed Deposit) Income Tax exemption.
Tax deductions on FDs for Senior Citizens
Just like elders are offered special interest rates on FDs; similarly, tax deductions are different for them. In the case of Senior citizens (60 years and above), the TDS exemption limit is Rs 50,000 under Section 80TTB of the Income Tax Act.